POLAND — Poland’s Shaker community has a long history of religious tolerance, but its leaders are increasingly coming under fire for their attitudes to Jews and their practices of conversion.
Poland and its capital Warsaw are home to the largest Shakers community in the United States.
A growing number of Polish Shakers are becoming more outspoken in their criticism of the Holocaust and its legacy.
Polish Shakers believe Jews are a perversion of Judaism and the Jews are responsible for the Holocaust.
Shakers have been vocal in their support for Donald Trump, but they also believe he was wrong to call them Nazis.
In 2017, Polish Shaker leader Józef Bierkiewicz wrote a column in The New York Times about a Trump rally that was organized by white supremacists.
In the article, he said the organizers of the rally had been given the right to speak in support of a “white power” group, but the white supremacists had been invited to speak because they were Jewish.
“If they wanted to, they could have gone to an event organized by the far-right,” he wrote.
“If they had been asked to, it is doubtful that they would have attended.”
The same year, Polish writer, author and activist Jan Bierksi was banned from the Polish Embassy in Washington, D.C., and his home was raided.
Bierksia is one of several Polish Shakes who have made public statements about their faith, and he told The Associated Press on Monday that his group’s message is a direct challenge to the Holocaust denial that has come to define far-left political views.
Polis Shakers don’t consider themselves “anti-Semitic,” Bierkwisi said.
They are concerned about the effects of Jewish supremacy on Polish society, but not about the Holocaust, he added.
Berkksi said Polish Shaking are not anti-Semitic, but their religious beliefs differ from Jews.
The Polish Shake is a small, mostly immigrant, immigrant group of about 100,000 people who arrived in Poland from Russia, Poland and Hungary in the 19th century, said Bierki.
They are descended from people who were expelled from the former Polish Empire and who are descendants of the Poles who fled the Russian Empire, he told the AP.
They speak a Slavic language and follow a very traditional, conservative religion, Bierkowski said.
Polo Shakers pray five times a day and have an oral tradition, said a Shaker representative, who declined to be named for fear of reprisals.
They believe in a God who is beyond the law, he explained.
They have no connection with any other religion or ethnicity.
Polizews website says the Shakers’ faith is “deeply rooted in traditional family traditions” and includes “an emphasis on self-determination, equality, and justice.”
The website also says Shakers practice “an individualistic and communal philosophy that is rooted in the Bible.”
In Poland, the Shaker tradition of self-reliance, a “life of gratitude” and respect for traditional customs is taught to Polish schoolchildren, and the Shakes have long been known for their support of the right of Jews to worship freely in public places.
The Polish state is also home to several Shakers, and a number of prominent Polish politicians are Shakers.
In 2016, Polish lawmaker Mateusz Wiech, who is also a Shakers activist, became Poland’s first openly gay lawmaker, winning election to the Polish parliament for the first time.
In the past decade, Poland has become one of the fastest-growing European nations, and Shakers and other religious minorities are increasingly making their presence felt in the political arena.
Last year, a group of Polish lawmakers in the European Parliament introduced a bill that would make it a crime to publicly display symbols of the Nazi Holocaust and other Nazi symbols.
The bill also requires all politicians and members of the media to register as members of a pro-Nazi group, and they face fines if they do not.
Polones anti-Semitism crisisPols anti-semitism crisis is not newPoland is not the only country in Europe where a growing number is openly hostile to Jews.
In Europe’s second-largest economy, anti-Jewish attitudes are growing.
According to a report by the Pew Research Center in the U.S., in 2016, nearly half of the European Union’s Jews and 1 in 5 of its Muslims were openly anti-Israel.
That number is rising in countries like Spain, Italy and the Netherlands, where Jews are now more prevalent.