The study was based on data collected by the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), a Canadian think-tank.
It examined what people in five countries think about religious and political matters.
It found that while religion is often viewed as a source of national unity, the views of people in each country are often highly polarized.
“The results suggest that the differences between countries in terms of religious and partisan affiliation and the attitudes toward these issues are due largely to differences in political views of these groups,” said the report’s co-author and CRG associate professor of political science, George Carlin.
“These differences are most pronounced in countries where political parties are more partisan, where parties are closer to the centre of power and where people believe that the leaders should represent their values.”
The report’s authors believe the findings may be useful for countries that are facing the same challenges in terms to the country’s future, such as how to address climate change, healthcare and education.
The report says political divides in Canada are due to differing ideologies.
“While the ideological divide in Canada is largely driven by political parties, there is also a sense of cultural and social polarization,” said Carlin, who is also the chair of the Centre on Religion and Public Policy.
The study also looked at how the religious and religious political divides affect people’s perceptions of the country and its politics.
The researchers said the findings reveal that the publics views on religious and secular issues are often very polarizing and that religious beliefs have a strong impact on political beliefs.
“One can expect that, when the views on the religious issues are considered, people will be more conservative and more religious than the other way around,” said Dr. Carlin in an interview with CBC News.
He added that religious and non-religious people tend to hold similar political beliefs and often share the same political views.
“This may help explain why political views on faith and religion in Canada tend to be more similar than differences,” said a news release from the CRG.
“This may be a result of the large number of Canadians who are both religious and unaffiliated.”
For the study, the researchers interviewed 1,300 Canadians from the five countries that make up the G7 group.
They also surveyed 1,200 people from the US, Italy, Canada, Germany and France.
The results of the study were published in the Journal of International Politics and International Trade, a peer-reviewed international journal of political studies.
The study also received support from the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Development Canada.