The number of people identified as having no religion has risen to 8.4 per cent, up from 7.5 per cent in 2014, according to a new report from Statistics Canada.
The numbers are even higher for the most religious groups.
While only one in four Canadians identifies as being “nothing religious” they are now the second-largest religious group.
There are some notable differences.
People who identify as having a religious affiliation have an average age of 58 years old, according the survey.
However, those who identify with a particular religion are younger, with the median age of religious group members being 58.
This compares with the average age for people in Canada as a whole.
People of a particular faith are also more likely to have a high school education or less, according Statistics Canada, while non-believers are less likely to be high school graduates.
Religion is also closely tied to income.
According to the survey, people who belong to religious groups are more likely than non-religious people to have jobs and to have more than $50,000 in disposable income.
People identifying with a religion also report having higher levels of wealth than people who do not.
The survey also found that religious people are less religious than nonbelievers, and that the gap is narrowing.
The majority of respondents (58 per cent) identify as being in a religious community that is more than one religion, compared to 31 per cent of people who are non-practicing or unaffiliated.
The report also found significant differences in religiousness by age, education, income and gender.
People with no religious affiliation are older than people with higher levels or lower levels of education.
The study also found a significant gender gap in the relationship between religion and economic success.
In Canada, women are more religious than men.
In the U.S., women are significantly more likely, but still less than men, to identify as religious.
For example, the proportion of women identifying as religious is lower in Quebec than in the rest of Canada.
This is partly because women are less common in Quebec and their religiousness is less widespread.
In other countries, religious groups tend to be more male-dominated, with more male than female members.
The findings are a reminder that many Canadians are still figuring out what it means to be a member of any particular religion.